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Psychosocial Development of Participants With Disabilities Throughout a Reverse-Integrated Wheelchair Basketball Program

Yeshayahu Hutzler
Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Science; Israel Sport Center for the Disabled
Anat Chacham-Guber
Israel Sport Center for the Disabled
Shunit Reiter
University of Haifa, Faculty of Education


The purpose of this study was to describe the changes in psycho-social variables of  athletes with disabilities who have participated in a reverse-integrated basketball activity (RIBA) throughout the two phase program: (a) non-integrated lasting two months, and (b) reverse-integrated lasting four months. Participants were 30 young people (5 females and 25 males: age M=17.7, SD=4.3 years) with disability. Instruments included a personal questionnaire, the Perceived Social Competence (PSC) scale, the Quality of Life (QOL) scale, and a self-constructed Perceived Task Success (PTS) questionnaire. Two repeated comparisons of repeated measures were computed between a pre-test and an intermediate test completed after phase a, and between the intermediate test and a post-test across measures. The outcomes present a significant increase in PTS and QOL across both phases. Regarding the results of the PSC scale, there was no change during the first phase; but in contrast this scale demonstrated a highly significant change (p>.0001) in the second phase. Effect sizes were considerably larger after phase b. The increased psycho-social competence reported in the second phase may be attributed to a moderating influence of the non-disabled peers who were included, while utilizing the unique adaptations practiced throughout the intervention.

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